- Despite reaching a peak of over $20,000, Bitcoin detractors argue that it’s just a matter of time until its price crashes to zero.
- A 2018 report by two Yale economists places the odds of Bitcoin crashing to zero at around 0.4%.
- Sending the price of Bitcoin to true zero would be a monumental task and could be near-impossible.
Bitcoin has been on an uptrend for much of its existence, with its စြေး climbing from essentially zero to as high as $20,000 in under a decade. Even trading at half of its all-time high, the cryptocurrency အဆိုပါတစ်ခုဖြစ်သည် largest currencies in the world, and in its short lifespan has become one of the most profitable assets အားလုံးအချိန်။
Despite this growth, Bitcoin’s detractors have long argued that it’s only a matter of time before it collapses back to zero; former Bitcoin Cash proponent Calvin Ayre recently ဖော်ပြထား that Bitcoin is worthless, while American business tycoon Warren Buffett has frequently lambasted Bitcoin, and recently CNBC ကိုပြောသည် that all cryptocurrency (Bitcoin included) is worthless.
But what would it actually take for Bitcoin to lose 100% of its value? As it turns out, a lot.
Could Bitcoin really crash to zero?
In 2018, two Yale University economists (Yukun Liu and Aleh Tsyvinski) published a အစီရင်ခံစာ titled ‘Risks and Returns of Cryptocurrency,’ in which the authors examined the risk of Bitcoin collapsing to zero in the span of a day. By using Bitcoin’s historic returns to calculate its risk-neutral disaster probability, the authors found that the likelihood of an unspecified disaster crashing Bitcoin to zero ranged from between 0% to 1.3%, and was around 0.4% at the time of publication. For comparison, Tsyvinski stated that the euro (EUR) has a 0.009% chance of the same, in an အင်တာဗျူး နှင့် YaleNews.
Others argue that Bitcoin will eventually crash to zero because it lacks intrinsic value. However, although it doesn’t have any intrinsic value, Bitcoin is backed by consumer confidence and mathematics. This is somewhat similar to fiat currencies like the US dollar (USD) and Pound sterling (GBP), which were once backed by gold (which has intrinsic value), but are now backed by the government—though some would argue that the US dollar, at least, is actually backed by debt.
Fringe case scenarios
If Bitcoin were to truly crash to zero, it would mean that it would be either impossible to trade Bitcoin or exchange it for goods and services, or that buy-side liquidity had fallen to zero for some reason. Realistically, one of the only plausible scenarios that could cause this is Bitcoin being banned by all world governments, potentially rendering it illegal to own or use—as is the case in a handful of countries.
This would also require taking down the entire Bitcoin network, rendering all nodes offline—including the ones အာကာသထဲမှာ—and making it impossible to set up new ones. This would, theoretically and unless a workaround is discovered, make it impossible to transfer Bitcoin and would prevent underground trading, likely rendering Bitcoin worthless—but this would be nearly impossible to accomplish.
Another possibility is that Bitcoin might simply be superseded by a better cryptocurrency or a similar alternative payment system, rendering it obsolete (and therefore worthless as a payment method or store of value). This scenario would, however, likely take several years—perhaps even decades—to play out.
Whatever the case, it is likely that Bitcoin will always retain အချို့သော value, either as a collector’s item or as a historic artifact for future generations.
A similar phenomenon was observed relatively recently, when when the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) နတ်သမီး Rs 500 and 1,000 notes in November 2016 due to a massive increase in counterfeit notes. Although authentic Rs 500 and 1,000 notes can no longer be used as legal tender in India, they still retain some value as works of art or as a curiosity.